Restez connectez pour de mises à jour régulières sur les questions portant sur l'accès à l'information lors de la 52e session ordinaire de la Commission Africaine des Droits de l'Homme et Peuples
Stay tuned to this site for regular updates on issues around access to information from the 52nd Ordinary Session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR).
The APAI working Group joins other stakeholders across the globe, in commemorating September 28 as the Right to Information Day. We call on all governments and non-state actors to observe this day and use their sub-regional, regional and global fora to make the Day one of the Official United Nations Days. This day has been celebrated by freedom of information organizations from around the world for the last ten years, as a day to promote the right of access to information for all people as a leverage for open, transparent, and accountable governments. Different stakeholders have since the year 2002 created both global and regional platforms for sharing ideas and information about the developments around freedom of information laws across the globe.
Le Groupe de travail APAI se joint aux autres parties prenantes à travers le monde, pour commémorer le 28 Septembre, comme étant la « Journée du droit de savoir ». Nous appelons tous les gouvernements et les acteurs non étatiques à célébrer cette journée et à utiliser leurs forums sous-régionaux, régionaux et mondiaux pour faire de cette date une des Journées officielles des Nations Unies.
Join the Campaign
Do you seek an Africa where information is accessible?
The APAI Working Group was formed in 2009 in order to initiate a campaign to promote Access to Information in Africa around the twentieth anniversary of the Windhoek Declaration on Press Freedom. It consists of a core group of organisations with expertise in issues relating to Freedom of Expression and Access to Information. The Working Group includes the Media Institute of Southern Africa (MISA), Article 19 (East and West Africa), Africa Freedom of Information Centre (AFIC), the Open Democracy Advice Centre (ODAC), the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ), Media Rights Agenda (MRA), Highway Africa (HA), the African Editors Forum (TAEF), and the Media Foundation of West Africa (MFWA).
African Commission on Human and People’s Rights (ACHPR)
In April 2012, the working group attended the 51st ACHPR session in Banjul. The purpose of the trip was to support the Special Rapporteur in her efforts to secure a resolution to expand Article 4 of the Declaration on Principles of Freedom of Expression in Africa to incorporate the principles of the declaration, as well as to call on the commission to recognize International RTI day, A number or avenues were pursued in order to achieve this.
We, participants at the Pan African Conference on Access to Information, organised by the Windhoek+20 Campaign on Access to Information in Africa in partnership with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation(UNESCO), the African Union Commission (AUC) and the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights in Cape Town, South Africa, September 17 – 19, 2011
Pan African Conference on Access to Information (PACAI)
This gathering, the PACAI, capitalises on the 20th anniversary of the Windhoek Declaration, to make a difference to information access. The event is convened by the Windhoek+20 Campaign on Access to Information in Africa in conjunction with UNESCO, and possibly the African Union. It will be one of several conferences taking place simultaneously in Cape Town, and it will share an opening session with them. The totality of events will come together for a joint closing session, dubbed as the Africa Information and Media Summit (AIMS).
Coalition Members’ Quote!
We can choose to stay silent but where has that ever got anyone?! Our goal must remain: “to seek, find and use the facts to free our people from repressions and oppressions! Hajia Sani
Join the APAI Blog
Sign up and log into the APAI Blog
Africa: Climate Conversations - Will Information - or Infrastructure - Help With Food Price Shocks? We have heard the story repeatedly - countries fall further behind the rest of the world when they lack the infrastructure needed to sustain growth. It may seem repetitive, but sometimes it's important to reiterate what may appear obvious.
Last month the International Food Policy Institute (IFPRI) launched a new tool - the Food Security Media Analysis. The online tool is intended to help governments of developing countries better predict what commodity prices will do based on media reports.
Although the media do not directly impact the prices of commodities, Maximo Torero, director of the markets, trade and institutions division at IFPRI, said that when the media cover events related to food prices, agriculture or climate shocks that may affect consumer expectations, and in turn have an affect on what the market does.
In theory tools to better predict what may happen in international food markets should help even out the playing field for countries that have always lacked them. Better tools would help governments make money by speculating on rising prices of commodities they import or protect them against loss by hedging against potentially falling prices of their exports.
There is potential to make and save a lot of money predicting the international market, but governments who have yet to, for example, integrate their own farmers into their country's domestic agricultural market will find these tools offer little in the grand scheme of their concerns.
In many countries, farmers sell only to their neighbours or farm for their own subsistence, effectively barring them from domestic markets.
Marc Bellemare, a public policy assistant professor at Duke University, said tools like the Food Security Media Analysis are a "laudable effort ... but what developing countries need is better infrastructure and governance."
Countries that still lack access to even basics like decent roads will struggle to take advantage of new technology, in other words.
According to World Bank statistics, 70 percent of people living on less than $1 a day in rural areas depend on agriculture as their primary source of income.
Of those farmers, only about one fifth to two fifths are "significant participants" in agricultural markets, according to a 2011 report by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
And we aren't talking about big international markets. According to the report, most small farmers only have access to one local market (the one closest to their home) if they have any access at all.
Lack of information due to poor, and often virtually non-existent, communication systems leave many farmers at the mercy of buyers, often selling their crops for below market price.
When a majority of rural people survive on agriculture and are unable to make a fair profit, they are left with little money to buy additional food and other goods they need.
Access to more and larger markets would allow farmers to buy and sell goods at fair prices, improving their incomes. And increased competition between farmers could keep prices fair and improve the quality of products.
THE ETHIOPIAN COMMODITY EXCHANGE
In 2008 the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX) was established - the first of its kind in Africa, and a good example of how access to information can benefit small-scale farmers.
ECX connects buyers and sellers, electronically posts the current market prices of the five commodities traded through the exchange, and implements quality control checks of all the food being sold.
The exchange helps member sellers get a fair price for their goods, and buyers be sure they are getting quality for their money.
The exchange also offers help with another concern for farmers - storage. Farmers with surplus crop can store their goods in large warehouses provided by the exchange.
Unfortunately, there are many obstacles, like transportation, that deter many farmers from participating in larger markets, despite their advantages.
Many rural communities are miles away from urban areas, and farmers have no way of transporting their crops without viable roads.
But a combinations of changes - better infrastructure and governance, and better access to markets and market knowledge - could be the way forward for many struggling developing country farmers.
Katie Murray is an AlertNet Climate intern.
MISA 21 Johann Albrecht Street, Windhoek, Namibian Tel: +264 61 232 975 firstname.lastname@example.org© 2012 Media Institute of Southern Africa : promoting media diversity . pluralism . self-sufficiency. independence. Disclaimer: The newspapers' contents on the links and all other related materials hosted on our site are products and sole responsibilityof respective publishers and do not necessarily represent the views of APAI nor its employees.All rights reserved.